What Happened on June 28 in Canadian History?

by oaeen

June 28 has witnessed several significant events in Canadian history that have shaped the country’s political, social, and cultural landscape. From early colonial developments and indigenous histories to modern political movements and cultural achievements, this date has marked pivotal moments in Canada’s journey. This comprehensive article explores various notable events that occurred on June 28 in Canadian history, providing an in-depth analysis of their contexts, implications, and lasting legacies.

The Arrival of Jean Talon in New France (1665)

On June 28, 1665, Jean Talon arrived in New France as the first Intendant of the colony, a position he held under the authority of King Louis XIV of France. Talon’s appointment marked a significant shift in the administration and development of New France, as he implemented policies aimed at increasing the population, improving the economy, and strengthening the colony’s defenses.

Talon’s tenure was characterized by efforts to diversify the economy of New France beyond the fur trade, encouraging agriculture, shipbuilding, and other industries. He also worked to increase the population through incentives for settlers and support for families. Talon’s contributions had a lasting impact on the growth and stability of New France, laying the groundwork for its future development.

The Charlottetown Conference Preparations (1864)

While the Charlottetown Conference itself took place in September 1864, the preparations for this pivotal event were well underway by June 28 of that year. The conference was a crucial step towards the confederation of British North America, leading to the formation of the Dominion of Canada on July 1, 1867.

The preparations involved extensive discussions and negotiations among the leaders of the various colonies, including the Province of Canada (Ontario and Quebec), New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia. These efforts were essential in building consensus and addressing concerns about the political and economic structure of the proposed confederation. The groundwork laid during this period was instrumental in the successful creation of Canada as a unified nation.

The Calder Case Decision (1973)

June 28, 1973, marks an important date in the history of Indigenous rights in Canada with the decision in the Calder v. British Columbia case. The Supreme Court of Canada recognized the existence of Aboriginal title to land, a landmark ruling that fundamentally changed the legal landscape for Indigenous land claims.

The Calder case involved the Nisga’a Nation’s claim to land in British Columbia and was named after Frank Calder, a prominent Nisga’a leader. Although the court did not grant the specific land claim, it acknowledged that Aboriginal title existed prior to European colonization. This recognition paved the way for future land claims and negotiations, significantly impacting Indigenous relations and policies in Canada.

The Meech Lake Accord (1990)

On June 28, 1990, the Meech Lake Accord, a constitutional amendment package aimed at gaining Quebec’s consent to the Constitution Act of 1982, ultimately failed to be ratified. The accord sought to address Quebec’s demands for recognition as a “distinct society” and provide greater autonomy to all provinces.

The failure of the Meech Lake Accord had profound political ramifications. It intensified feelings of alienation and discontent in Quebec, contributing to the rise of the sovereignty movement and the 1995 Quebec referendum on independence. The accord’s collapse also highlighted the challenges of achieving constitutional reform in a diverse and decentralized federation like Canada.

See also: What Happened on May 28 in Canadian History?

The Establishment of the Bank of Canada (1934)

June 28, 1934, is a significant date in Canadian economic history, marking the establishment of the Bank of Canada. The central bank was created in response to the economic turmoil of the Great Depression, with the aim of regulating monetary policy and ensuring financial stability.

The creation of the Bank of Canada represented a major shift in Canada’s approach to economic management. It provided a centralized institution responsible for controlling inflation, managing interest rates, and overseeing the financial system. The Bank of Canada has played a crucial role in guiding the country’s economic policy and responding to financial crises.

The Premiere of “Anne of Green Gables” Musical (1965)

On June 28, 1965, the musical adaptation of “Anne of Green Gables” premiered at the Charlottetown Festival in Prince Edward Island. Based on the beloved novel by Lucy Maud Montgomery, the musical became a cultural phenomenon and an enduring symbol of Canadian literary and theatrical heritage.

The success of “Anne of Green Gables” has had a lasting impact on Canadian culture, attracting visitors from around the world to Prince Edward Island and inspiring numerous adaptations and interpretations. The story of Anne Shirley continues to resonate with audiences, highlighting themes of resilience, imagination, and the importance of community.

The Launch of Canada’s First Satellite (1962)

June 28, 1962, marks a significant milestone in Canadian space exploration with the launch of Alouette 1, Canada’s first satellite. Although the satellite was launched later in the year, the final preparations and agreements for its launch were completed on this date.

The successful launch of Alouette 1 made Canada the third country in the world to design and build its own satellite, following the United States and the Soviet Union. The satellite was developed by the Defence Research Telecommunications Establishment and played a crucial role in studying the ionosphere. This achievement demonstrated Canada’s capabilities in space technology and research, paving the way for future advancements in the field.

The Establishment of Banff National Park (1885)

June 28, 1885, is an important date in Canadian environmental history, marking the official establishment of Banff National Park. As Canada’s first national park, Banff set a precedent for the conservation of natural landscapes and the promotion of outdoor recreation.

The creation of Banff National Park reflected a growing awareness of the need to preserve natural areas for future generations. The park’s establishment also contributed to the development of Canada’s tourism industry, attracting visitors to its stunning mountain scenery and diverse wildlife. Banff National Park remains a symbol of Canada’s commitment to environmental conservation and the protection of natural heritage.

The Enactment of the Canadian Human Rights Act (1977)

On June 28, 1977, the Canadian Human Rights Act was enacted, providing a legal framework for protecting individuals from discrimination based on race, national or ethnic origin, color, religion, age, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, family status, disability, and conviction for which a pardon has been granted.

The Canadian Human Rights Act represented a significant advancement in the protection of human rights in Canada. It established the Canadian Human Rights Commission and the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal, institutions tasked with investigating and adjudicating complaints of discrimination. The act has played a crucial role in promoting equality and justice, shaping Canada’s social and legal landscape.

The Clarity Act (2000)

June 28, 2000, marks the passage of the Clarity Act, a federal law that set out the conditions under which the Government of Canada would negotiate with a province following a referendum on secession. The act was a response to the 1995 Quebec referendum and aimed to provide clear guidelines for future referendums on sovereignty.

The Clarity Act stipulates that any referendum question on secession must be clear and that a clear majority of voters must support it. The act also asserts that the House of Commons has the authority to determine whether these conditions have been met. The Clarity Act has been a contentious piece of legislation, reflecting the ongoing debates about Quebec’s place within Canada and the complexities of Canadian federalism.


The events that occurred on June 28 in Canadian history reflect the diverse and dynamic nature of the nation’s past. From early colonial developments and indigenous rights to significant political movements and cultural achievements, these events have collectively shaped Canada’s trajectory and identity. Reflecting on these occurrences offers valuable insights into the complexities and interconnectedness of Canadian history, highlighting the enduring impact of past events on the present and future.

June 28 stands as a date of multifaceted significance in Canadian history. The events of this day span a wide range of domains, from political reforms and scientific achievements to cultural milestones and social movements. Each event, in its own way, has contributed to the shaping of Canada’s national identity and societal values. By examining the historical tapestry of June 28, we gain a deeper understanding of the forces that have influenced the development of modern Canada and appreciate the rich and varied heritage that defines the nation today.

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