What Happened on June 28 in History?

by oaeen

June 28 is a date that holds a plethora of historical significance across various centuries and continents. From momentous political events and declarations of war to influential cultural moments and scientific advancements, this day has witnessed a wide array of impactful occurrences. This article delves into the historical tapestry of June 28, highlighting key events that have shaped the world.

The Assassination of Franz Ferdinand (1914)

Perhaps one of the most pivotal events to occur on June 28 was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria in 1914. This event is widely regarded as the catalyst for World War I. Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, and his wife, Sophie, were shot by Gavrilo Princip, a Bosnian Serb nationalist, during their visit to Sarajevo. The assassination set off a chain of events that led to the mobilization of the great powers of Europe, ultimately plunging the continent into one of the deadliest conflicts in human history.

The Treaty of Versailles (1919)

Exactly five years after the assassination of Franz Ferdinand, another significant event related to World War I occurred on June 28, 1919: the signing of the Treaty of Versailles. This treaty officially ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers. The terms of the treaty were harsh and placed full responsibility for the war on Germany, imposing severe reparations and territorial losses. The Treaty of Versailles is often cited as a contributing factor to the rise of Adolf Hitler and the outbreak of World War II due to the economic and political instability it caused in Germany.

The Coronation of Charlemagne (800)

On June 28, 800, Charlemagne, also known as Charles the Great, was crowned as Emperor of the Romans by Pope Leo III. This event marked the revival of the Roman Empire in the West and the beginning of what would later be known as the Holy Roman Empire. Charlemagne’s reign significantly shaped the medieval European landscape, fostering the Carolingian Renaissance, a revival of art, culture, and learning based on classical models.

The Battle of Hattin (1187)

On June 28, 1187, the Muslim forces under Saladin began their march toward the pivotal Battle of Hattin, which would occur a few days later on July 4. This battle was a decisive victory for Saladin and marked the beginning of the end for the Crusader states in the Holy Land. The defeat at Hattin led to the fall of Jerusalem and other Crusader-held territories, sparking the Third Crusade.

See also: What Happened on May 28 in History?

The Capture of Savannah (1778)

During the American Revolutionary War, June 28, 1778, saw the British capture of Savannah, Georgia. This event was part of the Southern campaign of the war, where the British aimed to regain control over the southern colonies. Savannah remained under British control until 1782, despite various attempts by American and French forces to recapture it.

The Constitution of Ukraine (1996)

In a more recent historical context, June 28, 1996, marked the adoption of the Constitution of Ukraine. This significant legal document established Ukraine as a sovereign, independent, and democratic state, laying the foundation for its political and legal systems. The adoption of the constitution was a crucial step in Ukraine’s post-Soviet transition and its efforts to establish a stable and democratic governance structure.

The Birth of Henry VIII (1491)

June 28, 1491, saw the birth of one of England’s most famous monarchs, Henry VIII. His reign was marked by significant religious and political upheaval, including the English Reformation, which saw England break away from the Roman Catholic Church and the establishment of the Church of England. Henry VIII’s personal life, particularly his six marriages and the resultant dynastic and religious consequences, left an indelible mark on English and European history.

The Launch of Soyuz 11 (1971)

On June 28, 1971, the Soviet spacecraft Soyuz 11 was launched. This mission was notable for its tragic outcome; the crew of Soyuz 11, Georgi Dobrovolski, Viktor Patsayev, and Vladislav Volkov, became the first humans to die in space when their capsule depressurized during re-entry. Despite the tragedy, the mission demonstrated significant advancements in space technology and human spaceflight capabilities.

The Stonewall Riots (1969)

June 28, 1969, marked the beginning of the Stonewall Riots in New York City, a series of spontaneous demonstrations by members of the LGBTQ+ community against a police raid at the Stonewall Inn in Greenwich Village. These riots are widely considered the catalyst for the modern LGBTQ+ rights movement in the United States and around the world. The events at Stonewall galvanized activists and led to the formation of numerous advocacy groups fighting for the rights and acceptance of LGBTQ+ individuals.

The Transfer of Sovereignty to Iraq (2004)

On June 28, 2004, the United States formally transferred sovereignty to Iraq, marking the end of the Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA) that had governed Iraq since the 2003 invasion. This transfer was intended to restore Iraqi self-governance and was a significant milestone in the country’s post-Saddam Hussein reconstruction. However, the subsequent years saw continued instability and conflict, highlighting the complex challenges of nation-building and democratization in Iraq.

The Premiere of Stravinsky’s “The Firebird” (1910)

On June 28, 1910, Igor Stravinsky’s ballet “The Firebird” premiered in Paris. This performance marked Stravinsky’s rise to international fame and is considered a masterpiece of modern music. “The Firebird” combined Russian folk themes with innovative orchestration and marked the beginning of Stravinsky’s collaboration with Sergei Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes, which would produce several other groundbreaking works.

The First Female Doctor in the UK (1865)

On June 28, 1865, Elizabeth Garrett Anderson became the first woman in Britain to qualify as a physician and surgeon. She faced significant opposition from the medical establishment but persevered, eventually founding the New Hospital for Women in London and becoming the dean of the London School of Medicine for Women. Her achievements paved the way for future generations of women in medicine.


The historical events that have occurred on June 28 span a wide range of domains, from political revolutions and wars to cultural milestones and scientific advancements. Each event, in its own way, has contributed to the shaping of the world as we know it today. Reflecting on these occurrences offers a deeper understanding of how interconnected and dynamic our history is, with each date holding a tapestry of stories that continue to influence the present and future.

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