When is The 10th Day Of The First Month Of The Hebrew Calendar?

by oaeen

The Hebrew calendar, a lunisolar calendar deeply rooted in Jewish tradition and religious observance, marks time through a combination of lunar months and solar adjustments. Understanding the significance and timing of specific days within this calendar system requires delving into its historical development, cultural practices, and religious contexts. This article focuses on elucidating the 10th day of the first month in the Hebrew calendar, exploring its historical background, religious significance, and modern interpretations.

The Hebrew Calendar: Foundations and Structure

The Hebrew calendar, also known as the Jewish calendar, has evolved over centuries to regulate Jewish religious life and observances. Key elements of its structure include:

Lunar Months: The Hebrew calendar is primarily lunar, with each month beginning at the sighting of the new moon.

Intercalation: To align with solar seasons, the Hebrew calendar incorporates a 19-year cycle (metonic cycle) with seven leap years.

Months and Festivals: The year starts with the month of Nissan (or Nisan), during which several important festivals occur, including Passover (Pesach).

The First Month: Nissan (Nisan)

Nissan is considered the first month of the Hebrew calendar, corresponding roughly to March-April in the Gregorian calendar. It holds special significance as the month of redemption and liberation, marking the Exodus from Egypt and the establishment of Israelite nationhood.

The Tenth Day of Nissan: Historical and Religious Significance

The 10th day of Nissan holds particular importance in Jewish tradition and religious practice. Key aspects include:

Selection of the Paschal Lamb: According to Biblical accounts, on the 10th day of Nissan, Israelites were commanded to select a lamb for the upcoming Passover sacrifice (Exodus 12:3-6).

Preparation for Passover: This day marks the beginning of preparations for Passover, including ensuring the suitability of the sacrificial lamb and making arrangements for the Passover meal.

Historical Context: The events surrounding the Exodus and the preparations for leaving Egypt are central themes during this period, emphasizing themes of liberation, faith, and communal identity.

Biblical and Religious References

Exodus Narrative: The instructions regarding the 10th day of Nissan are detailed in the Book of Exodus, reflecting its foundational importance in Jewish historical consciousness.

Ritual Observances: Jewish tradition prescribes specific rituals and observances for the 10th day of Nissan, focusing on the preparation for Passover and the symbolism of redemption and renewal.

Contemporary Observations and Practices

Modern Jewish Calendar: In contemporary Jewish practice, the 10th day of Nissan continues to hold significance as part of the broader preparation for Passover.

Educational and Communal Activities: Jewish communities engage in educational programs, communal meals, and discussions centered around the themes of liberation and historical memory during this period.

Calendar Calculations and Lunar Observations

Lunar Sighting: The determination of the 10th day of Nissan relies on the observation of the new moon and the subsequent counting of days within the lunar month.

Variations and Adjustments: Due to the variability of lunar cycles, the exact date of the 10th day of Nissan may shift slightly from year to year. However, the overarching significance and rituals associated with this day remain consistent.

Interpretations and Symbolism

Symbol of Redemption: The selection of the Paschal lamb symbolizes redemption and divine protection, as commemorated during Passover celebrations.

Community Unity: The preparations for Passover highlight themes of community unity, faith, and the transmission of cultural and religious heritage across generations.

See also: When Is The Last Day Of Shravan Month?


The 10th day of the first month in the Hebrew calendar, corresponding to Nissan, holds profound historical and religious significance within Jewish tradition. Rooted in Biblical narratives and ritual practices, this day symbolizes themes of liberation, communal identity, and preparation for sacred observances such as Passover. As Jewish communities worldwide continue to observe and commemorate these traditions, the 10th day of Nissan serves as a timeless reminder of faith, redemption, and the enduring resilience of Jewish heritage.

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