What Happened on June 10 in British History?

by oaeen
The London Bridge Attack

June 10th stands as a significant date in British history, marked by a variety of events that have left enduring imprints on the nation’s cultural, political, and social landscape. From royal milestones to pivotal battles, from legislative enactments to scientific breakthroughs, the events of this date offer a glimpse into the rich tapestry of British history. This comprehensive article delves into these notable events, providing a detailed exploration of their contexts, impacts, and legacies within the annals of British history.

Battle of Clavijo, 844

On June 10th, 844, according to medieval Spanish legend, the Battle of Clavijo took place between the Christian Kingdom of Asturias and the Muslim forces of the Emirate of Córdoba. Though the historicity of this battle is debated among scholars, it holds significant cultural and symbolic importance in medieval Christian narratives. The legendary victory of the Asturians, attributed to the miraculous intervention of Saint James the Apostle, bolstered Christian morale and contributed to the Reconquista, the Christian reconquest of the Iberian Peninsula from Muslim rule.

Death of King Alfred the Great, 899

On June 10th, 899, King Alfred the Great, one of the most prominent Anglo-Saxon monarchs, passed away. Alfred ruled the Kingdom of Wessex from 871 until his death, and his reign was characterized by military achievements, administrative reforms, and cultural revival. Alfred’s efforts to defend his kingdom against Viking invasions, his promotion of education and literacy, and his codification of laws earned him the epithet “the Great” and laid the foundations for the unification of England under a single monarchy.

Birth of Thomas Cranmer, 1489

June 10th, 1489, marked the birth of Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury during the reign of King Henry VIII. Cranmer played a pivotal role in the English Reformation, supporting Henry’s divorce from Catherine of Aragon and the establishment of the Church of England. He authored the Book of Common Prayer and promoted Protestant reforms in the English Church. Cranmer’s influence extended beyond Henry’s reign, shaping the religious landscape of Tudor England and laying the groundwork for the Anglican tradition.

Execution of Thomas More, 1535

On June 10th, 1535, Sir Thomas More, a statesman, philosopher, and Chancellor of England under King Henry VIII, was executed for treason. More’s refusal to acknowledge Henry VIII as the supreme head of the Church of England and his steadfast adherence to Catholic principles led to his downfall. More’s execution, along with that of Bishop John Fisher, demonstrated the religious and political turmoil of the English Reformation and the lengths to which Henry VIII would go to secure his supremacy over the Church.

Birth of James Francis Edward Stuart, 1688

June 10th, 1688, marked the birth of James Francis Edward Stuart, son of King James II of England and VII of Scotland, and his second wife, Mary of Modena. James Francis Edward Stuart, known as the “Old Pretender,” was the Jacobite claimant to the thrones of England, Scotland, and Ireland following the Glorious Revolution of 1688. His birth played a significant role in the succession crisis that led to the Williamite War in Ireland and the Jacobite uprisings in Scotland and England.

Death of George II, 1760

On June 10th, 1760, King George II of Great Britain passed away at Kensington Palace, London. George II, the last British monarch to be born outside the British Isles, reigned from 1727 until his death. His reign was marked by conflicts such as the War of the Austrian Succession and the Seven Years’ War, as well as domestic political struggles. George II’s death paved the way for the accession of his grandson, George III, who would oversee significant changes in British governance and empire.

See also: What Happened on May 30 in British History?

Opening of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, 1830

June 10th, 1830, witnessed the opening of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, the world’s first intercity railway line to carry both passengers and freight using steam locomotives. The railway, engineered by George Stephenson, revolutionized transportation and commerce, facilitating the efficient movement of goods and people between the industrial centers of Liverpool and Manchester. The success of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway paved the way for the rapid expansion of railway networks across Britain and the world, catalyzing the Industrial Revolution and transforming economies and societies.

Death of Prince Albert, 1861

On June 10th, 1861, Prince Albert, the beloved husband of Queen Victoria, passed away at Windsor Castle, Berkshire. Albert, known for his support of educational, cultural, and technological advancements, played a central role in shaping Victorian Britain. His death plunged Queen Victoria into deep mourning and had a profound impact on British society and politics. The Victorian era, characterized by industrialization, social reform, and imperial expansion, underwent a period of mourning and retrospection following Albert’s death, marking the end of an era of stability and progress.

The Representation of the People Act 1918

June 10th, 1918, saw the passage of the Representation of the People Act in the British Parliament, granting the right to vote to certain women over the age of 30 and extending suffrage to all men over the age of 21. The act was a significant milestone in the campaign for women’s suffrage in Britain, albeit with limitations. While not achieving full equality, the act marked a significant step forward in democratic reform and paved the way for further expansions of voting rights in subsequent years.

The Birth of Judy Garland, 1922

On June 10th, 1922, Frances Ethel Gumm, later known as Judy Garland, was born in Grand Rapids, Minnesota, United States. Garland, an iconic figure in Hollywood’s Golden Age, achieved fame as a singer, actress, and performer, starring in classic films such as “The Wizard of Oz” and “Meet Me in St. Louis.” Her talent, charisma, and enduring appeal made her a beloved cultural figure both in Britain and around the world, earning her recognition as one of the greatest entertainers of the 20th century.

The London Bridge Attack, 2017

On June 10th, 2017, a terrorist attack occurred on London Bridge and Borough Market in London, resulting in the deaths of eight people and injuries to 48 others. The attack, carried out by three assailants who were subsequently shot dead by police, shocked the nation and highlighted the ongoing threat of terrorism in modern Britain. The response to the London Bridge attack underscored the resilience and solidarity of British society in the face of adversity, as well as the challenges of combating extremism and ensuring public safety in an interconnected world.

The Coronation of King George V, 1911

June 10th, 1911, witnessed the coronation of King George V of the United Kingdom at Westminster Abbey in London. Following the death of his father, King Edward VII, earlier in the year, George ascended to the throne as the new monarch of the British Empire. The coronation ceremony, steeped in tradition and pageantry, symbolized the continuity of the monarchy and the beginning of a new era in British history. King George V would go on to reign for over 25 years, leading the nation through the tumultuous period of World War I and the interwar years.

The Formation of the Women’s Social and Political Union, 1903

On June 10th, 1903, the Women’s Social and Political Union (WSPU) was formed in Manchester, England, marking the beginning of the militant suffrage movement in Britain. Founded by Emmeline Pankhurst and her daughters Christabel and Sylvia, the WSPU played a leading role in the campaign for women’s suffrage in Britain, employing tactics such as civil disobedience, hunger strikes, and direct action to demand political equality. The formation of the WSPU signaled a new phase in the struggle for women’s rights in Britain and paved the way for the eventual granting of partial suffrage to women in 1918 and full suffrage in 1928.


As we reflect on the events that have unfolded on June 10th throughout British history, we are reminded of the nation’s rich tapestry of experiences and achievements. From royal celebrations and military conflicts to social reform movements and political milestones, this date serves as a microcosm of Britain’s journey as a nation. As Britons continue to navigate the complexities of the present and chart a course for the future, may they draw inspiration from the triumphs and tribulations of the past, forging a path towards a more inclusive, equitable, and prosperous society for all.

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