What Happened on June 10 in History?

by oaeen
Six-Day War Ends

June 10th is a date marked by a multitude of events that have left indelible imprints on the tapestry of human history. From significant battles and political revolutions to groundbreaking scientific discoveries and cultural milestones, the occurrences of this day offer valuable insights into the complexities of our shared past. By delving into these events on June 10th, we gain a deeper understanding of the forces that have shaped our world.

323 BC: Death of Alexander the Great

On June 10th, 323 BC, Alexander the Great, the renowned Macedonian king and military strategist, passed away in Babylon at the age of 32. Alexander’s conquests had transformed the ancient world, creating one of the largest empires in history stretching from Greece to Egypt and across Persia into India.

Following his death, Alexander’s vast empire was plunged into a period of instability and conflict as his generals vied for control. Despite his relatively short reign, Alexander’s military achievements and cultural influence left an indelible mark on the course of history, shaping the development of civilizations for centuries to come.

1940: Italy Declares War on France and the United Kingdom

On June 10th, 1940, during World War II, Italy declared war on France and the United Kingdom, joining the Axis powers led by Nazi Germany. The declaration of war further escalated the conflict in Europe and marked a significant turning point in the course of the war.

Italy’s entry into the war posed a new threat to the Allied powers and exacerbated the challenges they faced in combating the Axis forces. The ensuing campaigns in the Mediterranean and North Africa would have far-reaching consequences for the outcome of the war and the post-war geopolitical landscape.

See also: What Happened on May 30 in History?

1842: Queen Victoria Receives First Successful Anesthetic

On June 10th, 1842, Queen Victoria of England became the first monarch to undergo a surgical procedure with the aid of anesthesia. The successful administration of ether anesthesia during the removal of a small facial tumor allowed Queen Victoria to undergo surgery without experiencing pain, marking a pivotal moment in the history of medicine.

The introduction of anesthesia revolutionized surgical practice, enabling complex procedures to be performed with reduced risk and improved patient comfort. This milestone paved the way for further advancements in anesthesia and laid the foundation for modern surgical techniques.

1967: Six-Day War Ends

On June 10th, 1967, the Six-Day War between Israel and its Arab neighbors came to an end with a ceasefire brokered by the United Nations. The conflict, which had erupted on June 5th, saw Israel emerge victorious, capturing significant territory including the Sinai Peninsula, the West Bank, East Jerusalem, and the Golan Heights.

The outcome of the Six-Day War reshaped the geopolitical dynamics of the Middle East and had far-reaching implications for the ongoing Arab-Israeli conflict. The territorial gains made by Israel would become the focus of subsequent negotiations and continue to be a source of contention in the region to this day.

1935: Alcoholics Anonymous Founded

On June 10th, 1935, Alcoholics Anonymous (AA), a fellowship of individuals dedicated to overcoming alcohol addiction, was founded in Akron, Ohio, by Bill Wilson and Dr. Bob Smith. The organization’s Twelve Step program, which emphasizes self-help, mutual support, and spiritual growth, has since become a cornerstone of addiction recovery worldwide.

The founding of Alcoholics Anonymous marked a significant milestone in the history of addiction treatment and recovery, providing hope and support to millions of individuals struggling with alcoholism. The organization’s principles and philosophy have been adapted and applied to a wide range of other addiction and behavioral health issues, making a profound impact on countless lives.

1940: Italy Declares War on France and Britain

On June 10th, 1940, Fascist Italy, under the leadership of Benito Mussolini, declared war on France and Britain during World War II. Italy’s entry into the conflict further escalated tensions in Europe and posed new challenges for the Allied powers as they sought to counter Axis aggression.

The Italian declaration of war precipitated a series of military campaigns in North Africa and the Mediterranean, as well as the eventual Allied invasion of Italy itself. Italy’s role in World War II, characterized by both successes and setbacks, had far-reaching consequences for the course of the conflict and the post-war order in Europe.

1898: Birth of Hattie McDaniel

On June 10th, 1898, Hattie McDaniel, the first African American to win an Academy Award, was born in Wichita, Kansas. McDaniel achieved fame for her portrayal of “Mammy” in the 1939 film “Gone with the Wind,” for which she won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress.

McDaniel’s groundbreaking win was a significant milestone in the history of American cinema and a testament to her talent and perseverance in the face of racial discrimination. Her legacy as a trailblazer for African American performers continues to inspire generations of artists and activists.


June 10th is a date steeped in historical significance, encompassing events that span the realms of warfare, science, politics, and culture. From the death of Alexander the Great to Italy’s declaration of war in World War II, the first Oxford-Cambridge boat race, the end of the Six-Day War, and the birth of Hattie McDaniel, the events of this day offer a rich tapestry of human achievement and endeavor. By commemorating these events, we honor the diverse narratives that have shaped our collective history and continue to resonate in the present day.

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